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Change of perspective on disability

Thanks to various game supports, this kit allows children aged 8 to 12 to better understand the disability and its consequences on people with disabilities, in order to change their perspective and develop more inclusive behaviours towards them.

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Thematics

Definitions and concepts

A deficiency is the damage to a function, organ or part of the human body. It is a medical term used to describe a dysfunction in the human body. It can be permanent or temporary. 

 

Disability: The definition of disability has evolved since the adoption of the 2005 law on "equal rights and opportunities, participation and citizenship of persons with disabilities". A disability is any situation in which a person's activity is limited or restricted by a disability and its environment, while a disability concerns the individual, while a disability situation is related to the environment. A disability will therefore lead to disability situations depending on the context.

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Un groupe de jeunes durant une séance de Playdagogie.

CHANGE OF PERSPECTIVE ON DISABILITY

 

ISSUES RELATED TO THE THEME

The term "disabled" is now considered stigmatizing because it reduces an individual to his or her illness or disability without taking into account the situation and context, or the capacities and resources of the person. The term "disabled" is always used, provided it is associated with a specific action or situation. Disability therefore refers to a situation, which is why we call it a disability situation. We will now speak of disability to talk about the alteration or damage of one or more functions of the body, whether temporary or permanent (what was called before "disability"). Disability leads to disability (the inability to do something), which in turn will lead to a disability situation in a specific context. It is therefore essential to be inclusive with people with disabilities. 

Two essential means are compensation and inclusive behaviour. Compensations are the adaptations of society to people with disabilities. They limit the disadvantage(s) caused by their disability(ies) in a given situation. These compensations make it possible to make people with disabilities more autonomous by meeting their specific needs, and thus to better include them in society. Inclusive behaviours are the attitudes and actions that enable people with disabilities to feel included in society. These behaviours will promote the autonomy of people with disabilities: it is often better to "help to do" rather than "do instead". In general, inclusive behaviour also means adapting to the person's needs.

 

Approach

The subject with the children

The theme of changing the way we look at disability can be sensitive in several respects. It directly affects some children while others are poorly informed. In addition, children often look at people with disabilities with suspicion, as this is a phenomenon they do not usually understand well. It is therefore a matter of supervisors transmitting several key elements before and during the proposed cycle.

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Des jeunes s'amusant au cours d'une séance de Playdagogie.

Sessions

Sessions presentation

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ext-kit changement de regard sur le handicap- 1 - à la découverte des déficiences
A la découverte des déficiences

Jeu traditionnel de passe à 5 pour permettre aux enfants d’identifier différentes formes de déficiences.

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1
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ext- kit changement de regard sur le handicap- 2 - le défi relais
Le défi-relais

Jeu traditionnel du relais pour permettre aux enfants de reconnaître lorsqu’une situation comporte un désavantage ou pas.

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2
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ext-kit changement de regard sur le handicap- 3 - les handicaps invisibles
Les handicaps invisibles

Séance de rugby pour permettre aux enfants de comprendre que la majorité des déficiences, et donc des handicaps ne se voient pas.

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3
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ext-kit changement de regard sur le handicap- 4 - bienvenue au club
Bienvenue au club

Séance de course de vitesse afin de permettre aux enfants  de comprendre qu'au delà des différences, il est possible d'avoir et d'atteindre un but commun.

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4
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ext-kit changement de regard sur le handicap- 5 - ajustons les règles
Ajustons les règles

Jeu traditionnel du béret pour permettre aux enfants de comprendre que proposer des règles adaptées peut permettre la participation équitable de tous.
 

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5
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ext-kit changement de regard sur le handicap- 6 - adapte ton sport
Adapte ton sport

Séance de basket-ball et de handball pour permettre aux enfants d’imaginer et d’adopter des comportements inclusifs avec les personnes en situation de handicap.
 

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Fiche thématique changement de regard sur le handicap France
Fiche thématique - Changement de regard sur le handicap

La fiche thématique Playdagogie Changement de regard sur le handicap présente le contexte, les enjeux et les notions clés liés à la thématique pour accompagner les enfants.

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7

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Ressources

Pour aller plus loin

Pour les adultes

Comité National Coordination Action Handicap

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Association des Paralysés de France

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Handicap International

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Handisport

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FFSA

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La Convention Internationale relative aux Droits des Personnes Handicapées 

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Avec les enfants

Dessin animé sur YouTube – Vinz et Lou

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" Et si on s'parlait du handicap ? " - Cap vers le handicap

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« Je suis dyslexique » - Court métrage d'animation

Voir la vidéo

Liste de livres à destination des enfants (6-11ans) qui abordent le handicap : 

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Wikimini sur le « handicap »

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