Skip to main content

Equality between girls and boys

Thanks to various game supports, this kit allows children aged 8 to 12 to reflect on the differences between girls and boys, to question their stereotypes in order to get to know themselves better, make autonomous choices and thus contribute to a more egalitarian society.

Download the kit (2.4 MB)


Definitions and concepts

A stereotype is a false, reductive and preconceived idea associated with a group of people. Gender stereotypes are used to refer to representations that reduce female or male identity to a certain number of roles, behaviours and characteristics. They may tend to influence individuals or force them to comply with them. 


A prejudice is a quick judgment, made of a person or group of people without knowing them. It is to judge "before knowing". Prejudice is based on preconceived ideas (stereotypes). It can be reinforced by life experiences or the environment. 


To discriminate is to treat a person or group unfairly and less favourably in a comparable situation. When we discriminate against someone for their sex (because it is a man or a woman), we are talking about gender discrimination.

filles qui jouent sur Jordan Legacy Court- 20 ans play




Sex and gender are two quite distinct concepts, and to be distinguished. The first concerns physical, biological and anatomical characteristics, while the second is the result of a social construction. Sex is a categorization of individuals according to natural attributes and physiological capacities inherent in reproduction. The categorization "male" and "female" is therefore part of it. Gender, on the other hand, represents socially determined roles based on the sex to which one belongs. This applies not only to behaviours, activities, but also to attributes or characteristics that a society considers appropriate for a particular gender. The concepts "male" and "female" correspond to categories of "gender". Sex therefore depends exclusively on our anatomy and is invariable regardless of the society in which we live. Gender may vary from one society or period to another, with different gender roles and places among different cultures around the world.

To enable students to combat gender stereotypes and contribute to gender equality, it is necessary to develop their critical thinking and thinking autonomy. Being able to identify gender stereotypes, whether one's own or those of others, means recognizing them by distanceing oneself from them. Moreover, to overcome them, it is a question of being able to deconstruct them, not to maintain them or encourage them. Students need to be aware that everyone is different, far beyond their gender. The desires, motivations, characteristics do not depend on it at all. They can be brave, calm, mathematically gifted, love the sea, spaghetti or rap, whatever their sex. Thus, to feel fulfilled, to feel fulfilled, to do what they like, it is important that they can make their choices as independently as possible, regardless of the gender stereotypes that can influence them.  To be free to make choices is to focus on your motivations, desires or abilities rather than on the eyes of others or what society is directing us towards based on your gender.


The subject with the children

The theme of promoting gender equality can be sensitive in several respects. It sometimes directly affects children's daily lives and can sometimes lead to the emergence of situations that are not easily experienced. The messages brought by the games can also run counter to what children are experiencing at home. It is therefore above all a question of allowing dialogue without judgment, of questioning children without ulterior motives about their feelings and representations, and of reminding them that we all have the same rights. To ensure the emotional safety of children, facilitators can provide them with several elements before and during the play sessions.

Des jeunes jouant sous le regard d'une animatrice.

They talk about it


At first, in this school and in my class in particular, football was only for boys. Now, in my class, they all play together and have fun. Boys are even the first to notice that girls are well placed, that they score.

Catherine MAZIER
Scool teacher

I liked it because it taught me to shoot better, to make better passes and not to say that the boys they know how to shoot and the girls, they don't know how to shoot.

11 years old

We understood that we can be mix, boys and girls. It is often thought that girls are less strong but it is only "clichés", girls too are strong.

11 years old



ext-kit egalite filles-garçons- 1 - un ou une stéréotype
Un ou une stéréotype

Jeu collectif de course et d'évitement pour permettre aux enfants de découvrir les stéréotypes dont sont victimes les filles et les garçons.

ext-kit egalite filles-garçons- 2 - fais pas genre
Fais pas genre !

Jeu traditionnel de la balle aux prisonniers pour permettre aux enfants de comprendre la différence entre le « sexe » et le «genre».

ext-kit egalite filles-garçons- 3 - Libérééés, Diplômééés
Libérééés, Diplômééés !

Jeu traditionnel de course et d'évitement pour permettre aux enfants d'être capable de comprendre que faire ses propres choix peut nécessiter de fournir des efforts et de dépasser les préjugés.

ext-kit  egalite filles-garçons- 4 - c'est mon choix
C'est mon choix

Séance d'athlétisme pour permettre aux enfants de comprendre que le choix d’une activité doit relever des envies et des qualités d'une personne, et non de son sexe.

Re-mixte ton jeu

Jeu collectif de course et d'évitement pour permettre aux enfants de comprendre pourquoi et comment la mixité est une richesse et non une contrainte.

illustration Fiche thématique égalité filles garçons France
Fiche thématique

La fiche thématique Playdagogie Promotion de l’Égalité Filles-Garçons présente le contexte, les enjeux et les notions clés liés à la thématique pour accompagner les enfants.


Download kit


Pour aller plus loin

Pour les adultes


Consulter le site
L'école des genres

Consulter le site
L’égalité filles / garçons selon l’UNICEF

Consulter le document
Obtenir des réponses auprès du défenseur des droits


Avec les enfants

1 jour, 1 question : C’est quoi l’égalité entre les filles et les garçons ? 

Voir la vidéo
1 jour, 1 question : C’est quoi un stéréotype ?

Voir la vidéo
Mon Petit Quotidien : l'égalité filles-garçons

Consulter le document

Consulter le site